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All my blogs | Themes, Words or Phrases | Baha’i Scripture | Penned by Shoghi Effendi | Letters Written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi | Penned by the Universal House of Justice | N.S.A. statements | Other

Themes, Words or Phrases

AdulteryArtsAdministrationAuthorityBaha’i LawBaha’i ScriptureBaha’i TeachingsCivil RightsCivil UnionDiversityEmpathyEqualityFreedomFlexibilityHolistic view of the individualHomosexualityHomophobiaHoly DaysHonestyHuman Nature / MaterialThe IndividualIndependent InvestigationJusticeLiwaatLesbianMarriageMutatis mutandisNature / NaturalPaedestryParental permissionPraisePrejudiceReligionReparative therapyScience being a balance for religionSanctionsShunningSodomyTeachingsTwin pillarsVoting RightsUnity in diversityUniversal House of JusticeWikipedia


Adultery

blog: Sep 2013 “Ye are forbidden to commit adultery, sodomy and lechery…” (Bahá’u’lláh)

blog: Sep 2013 “adultery retards the progress of the soul …” Perhaps somewhere Baha’u’llah did write that adultery retards the progress of the soul in the afterlife, but I couldn’t find anything. However … Letter on behalf of Shoghi Effendi (1949)

The Arts

blog: May 2011. “Arts, crafts and sciences uplift the world of being…” (Bahá’u’lláh)
 
Bahai Administration
blog: Oct 2010. “…in such instances, rather than eliminating the administrative portion completely or asking the visitors to withdraw, those conducting the programme can modify this part of the Feast to accommodate the guests.” (UHJ, 2009)

blog: May 2010. Comments on the balance of the elected and appointed (referred to as the “two pillars”) and the current membership of the Universal House of Justice.

Bahai Law
blog: May 2010. “Inasmuch as the House of Justice hath power to enact laws that are not expressly recorded in the Book and bear upon daily transactions, so also it hath power to repeal the same…” (Abdu’l-Baha)

blog: April 2016. “…the broader issues that are the foundation of the religious law are explicitly stated, but subsidiary matters are left to the House of Justice.” (Abdu’l-Baha)

blog: Aug 2014. “they will, unhesitatingly, subordinate the operation of [Baha’i] laws and the application of [Baha’i] principles to the requirements and legal enactments of their respective governments.” (Shoghi Effendi)

blog: April 2010. Comments on what is in the Bahai Writings on the topic of homosexuality as well as various views and links… a discussion of Bahai law in relation to laws of a country, quoting Baha’u’llah on this.

blog: April 2010. On changes made in the notes section of the Kitab-i-Adqas by the Research department.

Authority
blog: Jul 2010. On the authority of the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice (Shoghi Effendi)
 
Bahai Scripture
blog: Nov 2014. …Baha’i Scripture is everything penned by The Bab and Baha’u’llah, and the interpretations by Baha’u’llah’s son ‘Abdul-Baha, and where Shoghi Effendi (‘Abdul-Baha’s grandson) wrote in his capacity as official interpreter of Baha’i Scripture. …”Unity of doctrine is …” (UHJ, 1965)

blog: Nov 2014. “(S)ubsidiary laws are left to the House of Justice. The wisdom of this is that the times never remain the same, for change is a necessary quality and an essential attribute of this world, and of time and place.” (Abdul-Baha)

blog: May 2010. “A clear distinction is made… between authoritative interpretation and the interpretation or understanding that each individual arrives atthe former is confined to the Guardian, the latter…” (UHJ, 1966)

blog: Nov 2014. The Universal House of Justice does not have the authority to interpret Baha’i Scripture, … to say what the Bahai Scriptures mean …

blog: April 2010. About which parts in the 1992 edition of the Kitab-i-Aqdas are Bahai Scripture.

blog: April 2010. A definition, followed by examples of Letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi which were written by those without the knowledge Shoghi Effendi would have certainly known.
 

Bahai Teachings
blog: Mar 2012. A listing of Bahai Teachings (Shoghi Effendi)

blog: Mar 2012. A list of Bahai Teachings with a brief explanation or quotation.

blog: Dec 2010. As I see it the Bahai Faith has two aspects: Scripture (not flexible nor changeable) and Authority (executed through the Bahai administration which is flexible or changeable) or in other words the carrying out of the day-to-day administration of how that scripture applies to our lives … I suspect that when Bahais get upset at me when I discuss the flexibility in the Bahai Teachings, they think I’m demeaning the value and importance of the Letters Written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi. … My intent is to see how they might fit – how Shoghi Effendi might have intended them to be used…

blog: Aug 2014. “The divine religions must be the cause of oneness… and the means of unity and love … must promulgate universal peace, free man from every prejudice, bestow joy and gladness, exercise kindness to all men and do away with every difference and distinction….” (Abdul-Baha)

blog: Jul 2010. I do not agree … that it is a Bahai Teaching to accept all previous religious law unless specifically abrogated. First four quotations…

Civil Rights / Human Rights
blog: May 2011 “… homosexuality and civil rights…” (U.H.J., 2010)

blog: Jan 2011. ” …to regard those with a homosexual orientation with prejudice or disdain would be against the spirit of the Faith…” (2010)

blog: Oct 2013. Stephen Fry’s documentary … where he meet gays and those who hate or want to cure gays

Diversity
blog: Aug 2014. any community … needs to value diversity because of the fresh inputs diverse people bring. If those from minority backgrounds are to have a voice, those from a majority perspective need to make it clear that there is ‘space’ for them in their community…

Empathy
blog: Apr 2012. While the degree of in-born empathy can be disputed …
 
Equality
blog: Mar 2012 “Justice and equity are twin Guardians …” (Baha’u’llah)
blog: Mar 2012 “We entreat God to deliver the light of equity …” (Baha’u’llah)
blog: Oct 2013 “…humanity has two wings … until both wings are equally developed can the bird fly.” (‘Abdul-Baha)
blog: Mar 2012 “the condemnation of all forms of prejudice, whether religious, racial, class or national … the equality of men and women,” (Shoghi Effendi)
 
Freedom of Speech, Liberty of thought…
blog: Sep 2009 “…When freedom of conscience, liberty of thought and right of speech prevail…” (‘Abdul-Baha)
blog: Mar 2012 Thoughts are a boundless sea …” (‘Abdul-Baha)
blog: Mar 2012 freedom of conscience … cause of progress” (Abdul-Baha)
 
Flexibility
comments section: May 2011 “Every age hath its own problem, and every soul its particular aspiration. The remedy the world needeth in its present-day afflictions can never be the same as that which a subsequent age may require. Be anxiously concerned with the needs of the age ye live in, and center your deliberations on its exigencies and requirements. (Baha’u’llah)
 
Baha’i Holy Days
blog: Nov 2014 Nov 26th: The Day of the Covenant
 
Homosexuality
blog: Jul 2010 Four reasons why I argue for equality for those who identify as LGBTQ

blog: Dec 2010 … the conviction that gays and lesbians cannot do the same, cannot “verily” state their committment as equals. They are not allowed marriage, family and a lifelong committment of partnership. There are some exceptions, some Bahai communities accept their married gay Bahais…

blog: Jan 2011. “To regard those with a homosexual orientation with prejudice or disdain would be against the spirit of the Faith. … and it would be entirely appropriate for a believer to come to the defense of those whose fundamental rights are being denied or violated.” (U.H.J., 2010)

blog: Oct 2010. A conversation with a gay Bahai who had his voting rights removed by his National Spiritual Assembly.

blog: Apr 2010. My comments made between August 2009 + April 2010 in relation to what is in the Bahai Writings on the topic of homosexuality as well as various views and some links to articles.

blog: May 2010. My responses to comments on BahaiPlanet … ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Will and Testament on daily transactions, Sen McGlinn’s provisional translation of ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s tablet on marriage as a social law, what is Bahai Scripture and what is flexible in Bahai Law, 4 letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, reference to differing practices of tolerance towards heterosexual and homosexual couples.

blog: Jun 2010. On mutatis mutandis in the Kitab-i-Aqdas, + a quotation from Jackson Armstrong-Ingram’s article.

Link to the 5 Letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi mentioning homosexuality
 
Homophobia
blog: Oct 2013. Stephen Fry’s documentary where he meet gays and those who hate or want to cure gays “Homophobia impacts on all of us. It diminishes our humanity”

comments section: Oct 2013. 2 responses to “homophobia is an invention”

blog: Jul 2010. Is there homophobia in the Baha’i community?

Honesty
blog: Aug 2013 “ … be not a hypocrite.. “ (Baha’u’llah)

blog: Aug 2013 “True loss is for him whose days have been spent in utter ignorance of his self” (Baha’u’llah)

blog: Mar 2012 “…the realm of conscience [where] naught but the ray of God’s light can command …” (‘Abdul-Baha)
 
Human Nature / Material Nature
blog: Apr 2012 “Thou art My lamp and My light is in thee.” (Baha’u’llah)

blog: Apr 2012 …human nature consists of both spiritual and material capacities. … Bahais do not believe in “original sin”…
blog: Nov 2013 “…the splendor of that light is in the hearts, yet it is hidden under the veilings of sense and the conditions of this earth…”(Baha’u’llah)
 
The Individual

blog: Mar 2014. “The Bahá’í conception of social life is essentially based on the subordination of the individual will to that of society. …” Letter on behalf of SE

blog: May 2011. “every soul its particular aspiration. … Be anxiously concerned with the needs of the age ye live in, and center your deliberations on its exigencies and requirements.” (Baha’u’llah)

blog: Mar 2014. … it is the individual, not the collective, that is “created in the image of God”

blog: Mar 2014. “Know thou that every soul is fashioned after the nature of God, each being pure and holy at his birth.” (‘Abdul-Baha)

blog: Mar 2012. freedom of conscience … cause of progress” (Abdul-Baha)
 
Independent Investigation
comments section: Jun 2012 “The first is the independent investigation of truth; for blind imitation of the past will stunt the mind. ….” (‘Abdu’l-Baha)

Lower in the same comment
Baha’is “…must study for themselves, conscientiously and painstakingly, the literature of their Faith, delve into its teachings, assimilate its laws and principles, ponder its admonitions, tenets and purposes, commit to memory certain of its exhortations and prayers, master the essentials of its administration, and keep abreast of its current affairs and latest developments. They must strive to obtain, from sources that are authoritative and unbiased, …” (Shoghi Effendi)

Justice
blog: Sept 2013. “…Justice and equity are twin Guardians” (Bahaú’llah)

blog: May 2014. “Justice and equity are twin Guardians…” (Bahaú’llah)

blog: Jan 2010. “The best beloved of all things in My sight is Justice…” The rest of the blog relates to actively reducing discrimination and injustice and was written in response to the murder of Ugandan gay activist David Kato.

blog: Aug 2014. [t]he best beloved of all things in My sight is Justice…” (Bahaú’llah)

blog: Jan 2011. “…a Baha’i is exhorted to be “an upholder and defender of the victim of oppression”, and it would be entirely appropriate for a believer to come to the defense of those whose fundamental rights are being denied or violated.“ (Baha’u’llah)

 
Liwaat, Liwat or Lewat
(Arabic term that is usually translated into English as sodomy)

blog: Sep 2013. Baha’u’llah’s text in Arabic and an explanation of the meanings of the words for zina’, liwat, and khiyanah

blog: Jun 2010. My Feb 2010 comment on bahairants + a quotation in Jackson Armstrong-Ingram’s article.

blog: Jul 2010. A discussion of what could Baha’u’llah have meant by “Concerning the penalties for adultery, sodomy, and theft, and the degrees thereof”

memo: On Sen McGlinn’s blog – Research Department memo 14 August 1996 Re: The Translation of the terms zina’, liwat, and khiyanah (adultery, sodomy, and lechery)

comments section: Jul 2010. My response to a Bahai who stated that liwaat means homosexuality.
 
Lesbian /ism
blog: June 2011 Lesbianism or ‘sighe’ during the time of Baha’u’llah.
 
Marriage / Civil unions / Partnerships
blog: May 2010 Provisional translation on the nature of marriage from The Bab in the Bayan.

blog: May 2014 Enter into wedlock, O people, that ye may bring forth one who will make mention of Me” (Baha’u’llah)

comments section: July 2015 … monks and priests … In this Day… We have granted them leave to enter into wedlock that they may bring forth one who will make mention of God…” (Baha’u’llah)

blog: May 2014. There is nothing in Bahai Scripture stating that marriage is only for heterosexuals. When ‘Abdul-Baha wrote …

comments section: Oct 2012. “God hath prescribed matrimony unto you. Beware that ye take not unto yourselves more wives than two. Whoso contenteth himself with a single partner from among the maidservants of God, both he and she shall live in tranquillity.” (Baha’u’llah)

blog: Oct 2013 “the union must be a true relationship, a spiritual coming together … “ (‘Abdul-Baha)

blog: Apr 2010. ” …The Bahá’í teachings on sexual morality centre on marriage and the family …” (Research department on behalf of the UHJ)

blog: May 2010. ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s tablet on marriage as a social law

blog: May 2011. homosexuality and civil rights … the latter the opportunity for civil marriage.” (U.H.J., 2010)

resource: 19 Jan 2010. New policy from the U.H.J. regarding Baha’i marriage and the requirement of parental consent (external link)

resource: Sen McGlinn’s translation of a Tablet by Abdul-Baha on religious law and social teachings. Much of it is relevant to the discussion of what is marriage (external link)

“mutatis mutandis”
blog: June 2010. 2 comments from Bahairants. Mention in the Kitab-i-Aqdas and a quotation from Jackson Armstrong-Ingram’s article.

Nature and the Natural World
blog: July 2010. “ … How can the sexual nature of 6-10% of humans be unnatural? … It would make more sense to suggest that mountains are unnatural, as they occur far less commonly than gay people.”
 

Paederasty (sex with children)
blog: April 2010. “We shrink, for very shame, from treating of the subject of boys.” and the context of this in The Kitab-i-Aqdas.

 
Praise (the belief that we are born worthy)

blog: March 2012. “…Thou art My lamp and My light is in thee … I have created thee rich” (Baha’u’llah)
“…With the hands of power I made thee and with the fingers of strength I created thee; and within thee have I placed the essence of My light (Baha’u’llah)
“… reflect upon the perfection of man’s creation (Baha’u’llah)
“have ordained for thy training every atom of existence (Baha’u’llah)

blog: May 2011. “Man is the supreme Talisman” + “I loved thy creation, hence I created thee.” (Bahá’u’lláh)

blog: May 2011. “…I created thee rich, why dost thou bring thyself down to poverty? Noble I made thee…” (Bahá’u’lláh)

blog: May 2011. “…My grace to thee is plenteous, it cannot be veiled. My love has made in thee its home…” (Bahá’u’lláh)

Prejudice

blog: Oct 2010. “among the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh is, that religious, racial, political, economic and patriotic prejudices destroy the edifice of humanity” (‘Abdu’l-Baha)

Religion

blog: Aug 2014. “…Any religion which is not a cause of love and unity is no religion. … religion is the foundation of harmony and love” (‘Abdul-Baha)
blog: Aug 2014. “The divine religions must be the cause of oneness… (‘Abdul-Baha)

 
Reparative Therapy
blog: April 2012. Does it matter if Baha’is think reparative therapy works? Here is Spitzer’s retraction and why it matters.
blog: Nov 2012. Reparative therapy and the things Baha’is say.

 
The Baha’i Teaching: Science and Religion compliment each other
blog: Mar 2012. “…religion must be in conformity with science and reason …” (‘Abdul-Baha)

blog: Mar 2012. “… harmony which must exist between religion and science …” (Shoghi Effendi)

Links to scientific + medical research referred to on this blog >>
 
Sanctions
blog: April 2016. ““The principle reason for doing [this] is because such an arrangement is publicly in breach of Baha’i law and therefore your administrative rights are removed to protect the good name of the Faith.” … to host “devotional meetings nor any of the core activities related to the Plan” nor host Holy Days, teach children’s classes and a long list of other exclusions. (N.S.A.)

blog: Feb 2014. “generally speaking a believer deprived of his voting rights is … may attend the observances of the nine Holy Days. He may attend any Bahá’í function open to non-Bahá’ís. He may receive any publication available to non-Bahá’ís…. He should have access to the spiritual Assembly.” (U.H.J.)

blog: Feb 2014. “The suspension of voting and other administrative rights of an individual, always conditional and therefore temporary, … a believer can continue calling himself a Bahá’í even though he may cease to be a voting member of the community.” (Letter on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, undated)

blog: Oct 2010. A conversation with a gay Bahai who had his voting rights removed by his National Spiritual Assembly.

 
Shunning
blog: Feb 2014. “to shun one another … hath … been nullified and abolished.” (Baha’u’llah)


Sodomy
(See also lewat, lewaat, liwat)

blog: Sep 2013. “Ye are forbidden to commit adultery, sodomy and lechery…” (Bahá’u’lláh)

blog: Sep 2013. the Arabic text of the above (Bahá’u’lláh)

blog: Jul 2010. A discussion of what could Baha’u’llah have meant by “Concerning the penalties for adultery, sodomy, and theft, and the degrees thereof”
memo: On Sen McGlinn’s blog – Research Department memo 14 August 1996 Re: The Translation of the terms zina’, liwat, and khiyanah (adultery, sodomy, and lechery)


“twin pillars”

blog: May 2010. … the principle of having the elected and the appointed as “twin pillars that support this mighty Administrative Structure”

Unity in Diversity
blog: May 2011. “…Diversity of color, form and shape enricheth and adorneth the garden…” (‘Abdu’l-Bahá)
comments section: Oct 2013. “…We are all servants of one Threshold, attendants at one Court, waves of one sea…” (‘Abdu’l-Bahá)

blog: May 2011. “…if this prejudice be the prejudice of nationality consider that all mankind are of one nation…” (‘Abdu’l-Bahá)

 
Universal House of Justice Letters >>
blog: May 2010. Comment on the membership and election of the UHJ. on the issue of the elected becoming more and more, it seems, a consequence of being appointed, distinctions between the appointed and the elected according to Shoghi Effendi.

 
Baha’i Scripture
Baha’is consider all verified writings authored by The Bab (1819-1850), Baha’u’llah (1817-1892) and ‘Abdu’l-Baha (1844-1921) and anything penned by Shoghi Effendi (1897-1957) himself where he made clear he was writing in his role as authoritative interpreter, as having the authority of scripture.

By: The Bab | Baha’u’llah | ‘Abdu’l-Baha | Shoghi Effendi | *Themes*

 
From the Persian Bayan by The Bab
blog: May 2010. Provisional translation on the nature of marriage.
 

From the Kitab-i-Aqdas by Baha’u’llah

blog: April 2010. “…the subject of boys.“ and a discussion of the reference in the notes.

blog: May 2010. The introduction of the Kitab-i-Aqdas penned by the UHJ or the Research Department.

 comments section: June 2012. “…where Bahá’u’lláh has given a law as between a man and a woman, it applies mutatis mutandis between a woman and a man unless the context makes this impossible.”
And
“God hath prescribed matrimony unto you. Beware that ye take not unto yourselves more wives than two. Whoso contenteth himself with a single partner from among the maidservants of God, both he and she shall live in tranquillity. …” Baha’u’llah, Kitab-i-Aqdas, para 63


From the Hidden Words by Baha’u’llah

blog: Jan 2010. “The best beloved of all things in My sight is Justice…”
blog: Aug 2014. “[t]he best beloved of all things in My sight is Justice”
blog: May 2011. “I loved thy creation, hence I created thee.”
blog: May 2011. “…Possess a pure, kindly and radiant heart…”
blog: May 2011. “…with the fingers of strength I created thee; and within thee have I placed the essence of My light…”
blog: May 2011. “…I created thee rich, why dost thou bring thyself down to poverty? Noble I made thee…”
blog: May 2011. “…My grace to thee is plenteous, it cannot be veiled. My love has made in thee its home…”
blog: May 2011. “…I knew My love for thee: therefore I created thee, have engraved on thee Mine image…”
blog: May 2011. “(a)bide then in thy love for Me, that thou mayest find Me in the realm of glory”

 
Gleanings from the Writings of Baha’u’llah

blog: Nov 2014. “Be … an upholder and defender of the victim of oppression.”

comments section: May 2011. Every age hath its own problem, and every soul its particular aspiration. The remedy the world needeth in its present-day afflictions can never be the same as that which a subsequent age may require. Be anxiously concerned with the needs of the age ye live in, and center your deliberations on its exigencies and requirements.” p. 213

blog: May 2011. “Man is the supreme Talisman”

 
Epistle to the Son of the Wolf by Baha’u’llah

blog: May 2011. “Arts, crafts and sciences uplift the world of being…”

blog: Aug 2014. “Justice and equity are twin Guardians that watch over men. From them are revealed such blessed and perspicuous words as are the cause of the well-being of the world and the protection of the nations.” (p.13)

 
The Will and Testament by ‘Abdu’l-Baha

blog: June 2010. On the ability of the Universal House of Justice do change its own legislation and a discussion of ‘daily transactions’ as being part of legislation
 
Writings by ‘Abdu’l-Baha


blog: Sept 2009. “…When freedom of conscience, liberty of thought and right of speech prevail…”
blog: May 2011. “…Diversity of color, form and shape enricheth and adorneth the garden…” (Tablets of The Divine Plan)

Tablet to the Hague by ‘Abdu’l-Baha, 1919
blog: Oct 2010. “among the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh is, that religious, racial, political, economic and patriotic prejudices destroy the edifice of humanity”

Tablet on on religious law and the House of Justice by ‘Abdu’l-Baha,
provisional translation
blog: April 2016. “…the broader issues that are the foundation of the religious law are explicitly stated, but subsidiary matters are left to the House of Justice.”

<blog: Aug 2014.
“…Any religion which is not a cause of love and unity is no religion. … religion is the foundation of harmony and love”(‘Abdul-Baha)

blog: May 2011. “…if this prejudice be the prejudice of nationality consider that all mankind are of one nation…”

blog: Nov 2013. “Material civilization is like … Divine civilization is …”

blog: Aug 2014. “Third: religion is the foundation of harmony and love, of solidarity and unity. If religion is made the cause of enmity it yields not solidarity but rather troubles, and the absence of religion is better than its existence. The abandonment of religion is preferable to this.” (Abdul-Baha)
blog: May 2010. “Inasmuch as the House of Justice hath power to enact laws that are not expressly recorded in the Book and bear upon daily transactions, so also it hath power to repeal the same…” (Abdu’l-Baha)

Written by Shoghi Effendi

I’ve added bold to the text to emphasize the topics
blog: May 2010. the institution of Guardianship does not under any circumstances abrogate, or even in the slightest degree detract from, the powers granted to the Universal House of Justice by Bahá’u’lláh in the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, and … confirmed by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in His Will. …” (The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 8)

blog: Nov 2014. “…the machinery of the Cause has been so fashioned, that whatever is deemed necessary to incorporate into it in order to keep it in the forefront of all progressive movements, can, according to the provisions made by Bahá’u’lláh, be safely embodied therein. … the House of Justice been invested by Bahá’u’lláh with the authority to legislate whatsoever has not been explicitly and outwardly recorded in His holy Writ … it has also been conferred by the Will and Testament of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá the right and power to abrogate, according to the changes and requirements of the time, whatever has been already enacted and enforced by a preceding House of Justice.” (The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 22/3)

blog: Aug 2014. “they will, unhesitatingly, subordinate the operation of [Baha’i] laws and the application of [Baha’i] principles to the requirements and legal enactments of their respective governments.” (The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 65)

blog: May 2010. “the character and functions of the twin pillars that support this mighty Administrative Structure — the institutions of the Guardianship and of the Universal House of Justice. … these twin institutions… …Each exercises, within the limitations imposed upon it, its powers, its authority, its rights and prerogatives. These are neither contradictory, nor detract in the slightest degree from the position which each of these institutions occupies. Far from being incompatible or mutually destructive, they supplement each other’s authority and functions, and are permanently and fundamentally united in their aims …” (The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 147)

comments section: July 2010. “I feel it incumbent upon me, by virtue of the obligations and responsibilities which as Guardian of the Faith of Bahá’u’lláh I am called upon to discharge, to lay special stress, at a time when the light of publicity is being increasingly focussed upon us, upon certain truths which lie at the basis of our Faith and the integrity of which it is our first duty to safeguard.” (Shoghi Effendi, The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 99)

blog: July 2010. The interpretation of the Guardian, functioning within his own sphere, is as authoritative and binding as the enactments of the International House of Justice, whose exclusive right and prerogative is to pronounce upon and deliver the final judgment on such laws and ordinances as Bahá’u’lláh has not expressly revealed. Neither can, nor will ever, infringe upon the sacred and prescribed domain of the other. (Shoghi Effendi, The World Order of Baha’u’llah, p. 150-151)
 

blog: May 2010. “Upon the local Assemblies, whose special function and high privilege is to facilitate the admission of new believers into the community, and thereby stimulate the infusion of fresh blood into its organic institutions,…” (Shoghi Effendi, Messages to America, p. 11)

On the separation of church and state (theocracy)
blog: May 2010. “…is not the purpose, while endeavoring to conduct and perfect the administrative affairs of their Faith, to violate, under any circumstances, the provisions of their country’s constitution, much less to allow the machinery of their administration to supersede the government of their respective countries.” (Shoghi Effendi: World Order of Baha’u’llah, p 65-66)
 

Texts by Shoghi Effendi which contradict texts
in Letters written on his behalf

blog: May 2010. “Turning to Bah’u’llah and repeating his request, he was honored by a Tablet, in which Israel and his children were identified with the Bab and His followers respectively” (God Passes By, 1944)
 
 
Letters Written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi

The status of these letters in relation to Shoghi Effendi’s own texts
blog: Nov 2014. “The exact status which Shoghi Effendi has intended the friends to give to those communications he sends to individual believers is explained in the following statement… He has also said that whenever he has something of importance to say, he invariably communicates it to the National Spiritual Assembly or in his general letters. His personal letters to individual friends are only for their personal benefit and even though he does not want to forbid their publication …” (1932)

blog: May 2010. “He has also said that whenever he has something of importance to say, he invariably communicates it to the National Spiritual Assembly or in his general letters. His personal letters to individual friends are only for their personal benefit… …and the words of the Guardian clearly differentiated from those of his secretaries.” (1932)

blog: Nov 2014. “… He feels that in any future edition this fault should be remedied, any quotations from Bahá’u’lláh or the Master plainly attributed to them, and the words of the Guardian clearly differentiated from those of his secretaries.” (1951)

blog: Sept 2013. “Whatever letters are sent in my behalf from Haifa are all read and approved by me before mailing. There is no exception whatever to this rule.” (1930)

comments section: July 2010. “Whatever letters are sent in my behalf from Haifa are all read and approved by me before mailing. There is no exception whatever to this rule.” (1930)

blog: July 2010. …is whether the ‘authority’ of the letters by secretaries is an extension of the Guardian’s executive authority as head of the Faith — meaning, “it must be obeyed by the addresse” or of the Guardian’s authority as authorised interpreter of the writings, meaning “they become part of the sacred text.” (1951)

blog July 2010. “…He has also said that whenever he has something of importance to say, he invariably communicates it to the National Spiritual Assembly or in his general letters. His personal letters to individual friends are only for their personal benefit and even though he does not want to forbid their publication, he does not wish them …” (1932)

blog: July 2010. The infallibility of the Guardian is confined to matters which are related strictly to the Cause and interpretation of the teachings; he is not an infallible authority on other subjects, … …when he gives advice, such as that he gave you in a previous letter about your future, it is not binding; you are free to follow it or not as you please.” (1944)

blog: Nov 2014. refers to two letters (1994 + 1956) written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi on the topic of infallibility (25 July 1974)

Importance of showing a distinction between what Shoghi Effendi writes and a Letter written on his behalf
blog: Nov 2014. The exact status which Shoghi Effendi has intended the friends to give to those communications he sends to individual believers is explained in the following statement written through his secretary to the National Assembly… whenever he has something of importance to say, he invariably communicates it to the National Spiritual Assembly or in his general letters. His personal letters to individual friends are only for their personal benefit and even though he does not want to forbid their publication, he does not wish them to be used too much by the Bahá’í News.” (1932)

blog: April 2010. “… the complete lack of quotation marks is very misleading. His own words, the words of his various secretaries, even the Words of Bahá’u’lláh Himself, are all lumped together as one text… ….Although the secretaries of the Guardian convey his thoughts and instructions and these messages are authoritative, their words are in no sense the same as his, their style certainly not the same, and their authority less…” (1951)

blog: Nov 2014. “… He feels that in any future edition this fault should be remedied, any quotations from Bahá’u’lláh or the Master plainly attributed to them, and the words of the Guardian clearly differentiated from those of his secretaries.” (1951)


Examples of inaccuracies in the Letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi. Some of these contradict Shoghi Effendi, Baha’u’llah or Abdul-Baha’s own Writings.
blog: May 2010. “‘this is the day which will not be followed by the night” A prophecy of Baha’u’llah, in The Summons of the Lord of Hosts, p. 34) as meaning that this refers to a never-ending line of Guardians. (1950)

blog: May 2010. “There is no specific minimum age mentioned in the Bahá’í teachings at which girls may marry…” (17 June 1954)

blog: May 2010.
A definition of what is Bahai Scripture followed by various examples of Letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi which were written by those without the knowledge Shoghi Effendi would have certainly known. (1950, 1947, 1938, 1939)

Birth control in 1935
blog: May 2010. “…the Bahai Teachings, when carefully studied imply that such current conceptions like birth control, if not necessarily wrong and immoral in principle, have nevertheless to be discarded as constituting a real danger to the very foundations of our social life.” (1935)

The value and freedom of individual will
blog: Mar 2014. “The Bahá’í conception of social life is essentially based on the subordination of the individual will to that of society. …” (1935) See the blog itself for many examples from Bahai Scripture which contradict this letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi.

Mention of homosexuality
blog: Nov 2014. All 5 letters which refer to homosexuality and as much context for these as I could find (25 Oct, 1949; March 26, 1950; June 20, 1953; May 21, 1954; August 20, 1955)

blog: Nov 2014. Homosexuality is forbidden in the Bahá’í Faith by Bahá’u’lláh … through loving advice, through repeated warnings, any friends who are flagrantly immoral should be assisted, and, if possible, restrained. If their activities overstep all bounds and become a matter of public scandal, then the Assembly can consider depriving them of their voting rights. However, he does not advise this course of action and feels that it should only be resorted to in very flagrant cases. (1955)

blog: Sep 2013. “No matter how devoted and fine the love may be between people of the same sex, to let it find expression in sexual acts is wrong. … advice and help doctors, … through prayer… overcome this handicap. …” (1950)

blog: Sep 2013. “.. but not in this way. All he can tell you is that it is forbidden by Bahá’u’lláh, and that one so afflicted should struggle and struggle again to overcome it. ..” (1950)

comments section: Jun 2010. The full letter of May 21, 1954, penned by R. Rabbani which is where the phrase “is spiritually condemned” originates from. (1954)

blog: Jun 2010. “Amongst the many other evils afflicting society in this spiritual low water mark in history, is the question of immorality, and over-emphasis of sex. Homosexuality, according to the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh, is spiritually condemned. This does not mean that people so afflicted must not be helped and advised and sympathized with. …” (1954)

blog: Aug 2014. “homosexuality … is spiritually condemned” (1954)

Other Topics
blog: Sept 2013. “adultery retards the progress of the soul …” (1949)

blog: Feb 2014. “The suspension of voting and other administrative rights of an individual, always conditional and therefore temporary, … a believer can continue calling himself a Bahá’í even though he may cease to be a voting member of the community.” (Letter on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, undated)

 
From the Universal House of Justice
blog: Aug 2013. “… reconcile the Bahá’í teachings with your own views on homosexuality … your relationship with your son. …” (22 March 2013)

blog: Aug 2014. “The Bahá’í Writings state that marriage is a union between a man and a woman” (27 Oct 2010)

blog: April 2016. “Indeed, even in cases where believers had a homosexual orientation, Shoghi Effendi encouraged them not to withdraw from the community and to continue to engage in active service, for in one way or another, he explained, we are all tested, and he added that they should receive the encouragement and support of the community. Further, it is entirely against the spirit of the Faith to regard homosexuals with prejudice or disdain.” (12 April 2016)

blog: Sept 2013. “…the practice of homosexuality is not permitted … regarding homosexuality and civil rights…” (The full 27 Oct 2010 letter)

blog: Oct 2010. “…in such instances, rather than eliminating the administrative portion completely or asking the visitors to withdraw, those conducting the programme can modify this part of the Feast to accommodate the guests.” (17 May 2009)

blog: March 2014. “… With respect to the incident in Uganda to which you refer, the Bahá’í representative to the interfaith association was unwittingly drawn into this controversy…” (27 July 2008)

blog: Sept 2013. “… the Bahá’í Faith strongly condemns all blatant acts of immorality, and it includes among them the expression of sexual love between individuals of the same sex. …” (1995, published in the US, 23 Nov 1995)

blog: May 2010. “…the Baha’i Faith strongly condemns all blatant acts of immorality, and it includes among them the expression of sexual love between individuals of the same sex.” (1995)

memo: On Sen McGlinn’s blog. Re: The Translation of the terms zina’, liwat, and khiyanah (adultary, sodomy, and lechery) (Research Department memo 14 August 1996)

blog: Nov 2014. “abnormality, handicap, affliction, problem, … the House of Justice feels that just such words can be a great help to the individuals concerned. …” (16 March 1992)

blog: March 2014. “…does not feel that the time has come for it to provide detailed legislation on subjects such as abortion, homosexuality and other moral issues… a human tendency to wish to eliminate these grey areas so that every aspect of life is clearly prescribed. A result of this tendency has been the tremendous accretion of interpretation and subsidiary legislation which has smothered the spirit of certain of the older religions.” (5 June 1988)

blog: Nov 2014. homosexuality as “an aberration subject to treatment” (22 March 1987)

blog: Nov 2014. refers to two letters (1994 + 1956) written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi on the topic of infallibility (25 July 1974)

blog: May 2010. “A clear distinction is made… between authoritative interpretation and the interpretation or understanding that each individual arrives at … the former is confined to the Guardian, the latter, … should by no means be suppressed. In fact such individual interpretation is considered the fruit of man’s rational power and conducive to a better understanding of the teachings, provided that no disputes or arguments … makes it clear that his views are merely his own…” (27 May 1965)

blog: Nov 2014. “Unity of doctrine is maintained by the existence of the authentic texts of Scripture and the voluminous interpretations of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi, together with the absolute prohibition against anyone propounding “authoritative” or “inspired” interpretations or usurping the function of Guardian. Unity of administration is assured by the authority of the Universal House of Justice.” (9 March 1965)

 

N.S.A. Statements

(National level Baha’i administration)
>> to Bahai organisational or Bahai Representative statements >>


Guyana
blog: Oct 2010. “The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of Guyana asks that your Government ensure that any legislation … would not be acceptable … if the Constitution implicitly allows same sex persons to demand the right to be married.” (1999)

 U.K.
blog: Oct 2010. 1996 statement by the UK of the N.S.A.. addressed to a London SACRE (Standing Advisory Council on Religious Education) (1996)

 U.S.A.
blog: March 2012. Link to the 1996 compilation: THE BAHA’I FAITH AND HOMOSEXUALITY (1996)

 

Bahai PR, organizations or individuals | science >>

 
Bahá’í Network on Aids, Sexuality, Addictions, and Abuse (BNASAA)
blog: May 2011 An essay by Sam G. McClellan, M.D., “Some reflections on the Bahá’í Teachings as they relate to homosexuality” on the BNASSA website: “… Bahá’ís struggling with their sexual orientation have accepted into their core identity the concept “I am gay” or “I am lesbian” as a way of explaining the experience of uninvited sexual feelings towards others of the same sex…”

 
North American Bahai Studies paper
blog: May 2011 reference to Lynne Schreiber’s presentation “Rethinking Same-Sex Attraction and General Principles of How to Overcome It”

 
Bahai association with the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuals (NARTH)
blog: May 2011. Screenshot and link to the NARTH statement on their website where Bahais have been listed as supporters since the page was last updated in 2008

 
BahaiTeachings.org
blog: Aug 2014. “a conscious effort to improve the state of humanity” (article by David Langness)


Lights of Guidance
, published in 1983

External Link: Lights of Guidance Index on the Bahai Library
 
blog: Dec 2010. A screenshot + … in 1983 the book “Lights of Guidance” compiled by Helen Hornby came out, and it seems now that many Bahais treat this book as if it is Bahai Scripture. Actually more like a book of rules. In this book, Letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi are placed underneath various sections and titles created by the Helen Hornby

blog: Nov 2014. A screenshot + “… “Lights of Guidance” … is a valuable source of quotations however, unfortunately, the author doesn’t make distinctions between what is Bahai Scripture and what isn’t, and she presents the Bahai Teachings as list of rules.


Wikipedia

blog: Aug 2014. About how I lost in my debate with two Bahais who run the Homosexuality and the Bahai Faith page

 

Sourced or Written by others


American Scientific and Medical Associations
comments section: Dec 2010 This is preceded by a useful summary written by Kate O’Hanlan, MD.

Journal of GLBT Family Studies
A Meta-Analysis of Developmental Outcomes for Children of Same-Sex and Heterosexual Parents, Vol 4, Issue 3, 2008
Results confirm previous studies in this current body of literature, suggesting that children raised by same-sex parents fare equally well to children raised by heterosexual parents. The authors discuss findings with respect to the implications for practitioners in schools.

New Scientist
Children of lesbian parents do better than their peers, June 2010
The children of lesbian parents outscore their peers on academic and social tests, according to results from the longest-running study of same-sex families.
The finding is based on 78 children who were all born to lesbian couples who used donor insemination to become pregnant and were interviewed and tested at age 17. Compared with a group of control adolescents born to heterosexual parents with similar educational and financial backgrounds, the children of lesbian couples scored better on academic and social tests and lower on measures of rule-breaking and aggression. A previous study of same-sex parenting, based on long-term health data, also found no difference in the health of children in either group.
Journal reference: US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Psychological Adjustment of 17-Year-Old Adolescents
Nanette Gartrell and Henny Bos, Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-3153

UK based Research on discrimination
Stonewall Research, various papers and research into LGBT people’s experiences of discrimination and public attitudes towards LGBT equality in the U.K.

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Young gay and bisexual men six times more likely to attempt suicide than older counterparts, April 2016
“…gay and bisexual men under the age of 26 were six times more likely to attempt suicide or self-harm compared to men in that group aged over 45. They were also twice as likely to be depressed or anxious…
The study is the first to examine the mental health differences within gay and bisexual men in the UK. Using data from the Stonewall Gay and Bisexual Men’s Health Survey, the researchers analysed responses of 5,799 gay and bisexual men aged 16 and over living in the UK.”

References on my blog to NARTH (National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuals)
May 11 … advocates what I would consider barbaric reparative therapies. … surprised to see that Baha’is were mentioned as members


4 minute video on Youtube
blog: In the comments section of “Choosing to be gay?” In Portugese and English: on correlations between the number of sons in a family and orientation.


4 minute video on Human Sexuality on Youtube
blog: Nov 2012 A summary showing the distinctions between attraction, orientation and gender.


Scientific + Medical Associations
comments section: May 2011 Since 1975, the American Psychological Association has called on psychologists to take the lead in removing the stigma of mental illness that has long been associated with lesbian, gay, and bisexual orientations. …


New Research about Homophobia
News item
18 April 2012New research in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology suggests that anti-gay prejudice may stem from restrictive upbringings and repressed homosexual desires.

back to the top of this page>>

Latest Blogs are at the top

Should I still call myself a Bahai? (21 May 2016)
A Baha’i’s letter of resignation (25 April 2016)
Jake Sasseville’s dilemma (19 April 2016)
Love and Legalism – a tale of two Baha’i communities (12 April 2016)

Abortion is not absolutely forbidden (11 August 2015)
President Obama Says Racism And Homophobia Come From The Same Mindset (10 August 2015)
Does a letter from a secretary create a Bahai Teaching? (18 July 2015)
Can a rainbow be partisan? (30 June 2015)
Homosexuality – a false dichotomy? (7 June 2015)
Is criticism allowed? (28 May 2015)
Critiquing the Universal House of Justice (22 May 2015)
Forwarded from Mara Migraineur’s blog: My Turn To Come Out – on transgender (7 Jan 2015)

Forwarded from wendepunkte’s blog: Leserbrief eines schwulen Bahá’ís an die Zeit Online (5 Dec 2014)
Bahais are not united in being against same sex marriage! (26 Nov 2014)
What does Baha’i Scripture say about homosexuality? (11 Nov 2014)
Is it better to walk away? (17 August 2014)
Is homosexuality spiritually condemned? (9 May 2014)
A petition against discrimination and response from the Universal House of Justice (27 March 2014)
Society and the individual – a Bahai view (24 March 2014)
The Baha’i Faith is not Anti-Gay – Letter to a dogmatist (19 Feb 2014)
Baha’is and the LGBTQ Community – Part Two (1 Jan 2014)

Baha’is and the LGBTQ Community – Part One (20 Dec 2013)
Material civilization is like a globe of glass… (27 Nov 2013)
On bullying and being different – poet Shane Koyczan (29 Oct 2013)
Stephen Fry’s docu – “Out There” being gay (26 Oct 2013)
Two views of the Baha’i view on homosexuality (18 Oct 2013)
Sarah goes to Church – her “Baha’i on Life” blog (10 Oct 2013)
“A gay Baha’i writes to the Universal House of Justice” (Oct 2013)
“A mother writes to the Universal House of Justice” (Sept 2013)
“A Bahá’í View of Homosexuality and Gay Rights?” (Sept 2013)
“The Baha’is lose another gay” (Sept 2013)
“Gays can’t marry, and that’s not discrimination” (Aug 2013)
Time changes… an interview with … (April 2013)
Authentically ‘Abdul-Baha? (Feb 2013)

Reparative therapy and the things Bahais say (Nov 2012)
Sympathy for gay Bahais is not good enough (June 2012)
Mormons build bridges, should Bahais march in a Pride? (June 2012)
On the psychopathology of homosexuality (April 2012)
The individual in society – Bahai perspectives (March 2012)
Choosing to be gay? (Feb 2012)

Homosexual Fish (Dec 2011)
Baha’u’llah & “The Subject of Boys” (June 2011)
It’s Getting Better: Baha’i Faith & Homosexuality (May 2011)
Lady Gaga and “Born This Way” (May 2011)
We need to make it better now! (Jan 2011)

“We will all, verily, abide by the will of God.” (Dec 2010)
Homosexuality and the Baha’i Community: a conversation (Oct. 2010)
Is there homophobia in the Baha’i community? (July 2010)
The principle of ‘mutatis mutandis’ (June 2010)
Flexibility in Bahai Law in relation to homosexuality (May 2010)
The Universal House of Justice membership… (May 2010)
Mainly about homosexuality… (April 2010)
Why I made this blog (September 2009)

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